KESBANG.COM, INDIA – Pengadilan tertinggi India pada Rabu (11/10/2017) menetapkan seorang pria dianggap melakukan perkosaan jika ia berhubungan seks dengan istrinya yang berusia antara 15 dan 18 tahun.
Ketetapan itu merupakan keputusan bersejarah yang akan membawa perubahan pada jutaan pengantin cilik perempuan. Batas minimal usia perempuan India yang diizinkan menikah adalah 18 tahun.
Undang-undang India mengatur berhubungan seks, bahkan atas dasar suka-sama-suka, dengan seorang perempuan yang berusia di bawah 16 tahun akan dianggap sebagai perkosaan. Namun, sebelumnya ada pengecualian hubungan intim antara seorang pria dan istrinya, yang berusia antara 15 dan 18 tahun, tidak dianggap sebagai perkosaan.
Perkosaan dalam pernikahan tidak dianggap sebagai kejahatan di India. Pemerintah mengatakan kriminalisasi perkosaan dalam pernikahan akan mengganggu pernikahan itu sendiri serta membuat para pria mudah mengalami pelecehan oleh istri-istri mereka.
Mahkamah Agung, Rabu (11/10/2017), menyatakan usia dewasa adalah 18 tahun untuk “semua tujuan” setelah pengadilan tertinggi itu menggelar persidangan atas permohonan yang diajukan Independent Thought.
Independent Thought adalah sebuah kelompok nirlaba yang berupaya menjadikan hubungan seks dengan istri di bawah umur sebagai aksi kejahatan.
“Hubungan seks antara pria yang menikah dengan istrinya yang berusia di bawah 18 tahun adalah tindakan perkosaan,” kata pengadilan dalam putusan yang dikeluarkannya.
“Putusan itu membantu upaya meningkatkan gerakan nasional ‘Beti bachao dan beti padhao (Selamatkan anak perempuan dan didiklah anak perempuan, red),'” kata Vikram Srivastava, pengacara Independent Thought kepada Reuters.
Namun demikian, putusan MA pada Rabu itu tidak akan berlaku surut.
Pengadilan mendasarkan putusan tersebut pada Undang-undang Larangan Pernikahan Anak-anak India.
Kendati ilegal, pada praktiknya pernikahan anak-anak sangat mengakar di India. Faktor-faktor seperti kemiskinan, penegakan hukum yang lemah, norma sosial patriarki serta kekhawatiran soal kehormatan keluarga kerap dituding sebagai penyebab pernikahan dini.
Pernikahan di India dianggap dini jika pengantin perempuan berusia di bawah 18 tahun atau pengantin pria di bawah 21 tahun. Laki-laki berumur di atas atau di bawah usia legal itu diperbolehkan menikahi pengantin cilik perempuan.
Sensus tahun 2011 di India menunjukkan bahwa pernikahan anak-anak telah sedikit berkurang dibandingkan satu dekade sebelumnya, namun lebih dari lima juta anak perempuan masih diikatkan pada pernikahan sebelum mereka berusia 18 tahun.
Lebih dari seperempat perempuan India yang berusia antara 20 dan 24 tahun mengatakan mereka menikah sebelum berumur 18 tahun. Seperlima laki-laki dengan usia antara 25 hingga 29 tahun mengatakan mereka menikah di bawah umur yang diizinkan. Data-data tersebut tercantum dalam laporan baru-baru ini yang dikeluarkan Komisi Nasional Perlindungan Hak-hak Anak dan yayasan Young Lives.
Kendati telah melancarkan upaya untuk memberdayakan anak-anak perempuan dan perempuan dewasa serta memperberat hukuman, India masih menjadi salah satu dari 10 negara dengan tingkat tertinggi kasus pernikahan anak. Selain India, negara-negara lain yang masuk dalam daftar tersebut antara lain Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea, Niger dan Sudan Selatan. (kabar24.bisnis.com)
eye twitching pregnancy
We would also like to say that most individuals who find themselves with out health insurance are usually students, self-employed and those that are without a job. More than half of the uninsured are under the age of 35. They do not feel they are in need of health insurance since they’re young and healthy. Their own income is typically spent on real estate, food, plus entertainment. Many individuals that do represent the working class either entire or not professional are not provided insurance by their work so they move without owing to the rising valuation on health insurance in the us. Thanks for the suggestions you share through your blog.
I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a nice blog like this one today..
Normally I don’t read article on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very forced me to try and do it! Your writing style has been amazed me. Thanks, very nice article.
Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I?ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently fast.
Thanks for the tips you talk about through this blog. In addition, a lot of young women exactly who become pregnant usually do not even seek to get health insurance because they are concerned they would not qualify. Although a lot of states currently require that insurers give coverage no matter the pre-existing conditions. Rates on all these guaranteed programs are usually higher, but when taking into consideration the high cost of health care bills it may be the safer way to go to protect a person’s financial potential.
I know of the fact that nowadays, more and more people will be attracted to surveillance cameras and the area of digital photography. However, really being a photographer, it’s important to first expend so much period deciding the exact model of photographic camera to buy along with moving via store to store just so you may buy the least expensive camera of the brand you have decided to pick. But it would not end at this time there. You also have to consider whether you can purchase a digital video camera extended warranty. Thanks a bunch for the good points I gathered from your site.
Hello, Neat post. There is a problem along with your website in web explorer, would test this? IE still is the market chief and a huge component of other people will omit your excellent writing due to this problem.
It?s really a nice and useful piece of information. I?m glad that you shared this useful information with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.
I have not checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I?ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂
I feel that is one of the most vital info for me. And i am happy studying your article. However should commentary on some normal issues, The site taste is ideal, the articles is truly great : D. Excellent job, cheers
Thank you for another magnificent post. Where else could anyone get that kind of info in such a perfect way of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such information.
My brother suggested I might like this web site. He was entirely right. This post actually made my day. You cann’t imagine simply how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!
I just could not depart your website before suggesting that I actually enjoyed the standard info a person provide for your visitors? Is going to be back often in order to check up on new posts
Helpful info. Fortunate me I found your site unintentionally, and I am surprised why this accident didn’t came about earlier! I bookmarked it.
There is noticeably a bundle to know about this. I assume you made certain good points in features also.
Thanks for your article. It is quite unfortunate that over the last one decade, the travel industry has had to deal with terrorism, SARS, tsunamis, bird flu, swine flu, and also the first ever true global tough economy. Through everthing the industry has really proven to be powerful, resilient and also dynamic, finding new methods to deal with trouble. There are often fresh issues and the possiblility to which the marketplace must yet again adapt and react.
808455 877859You created some 1st rate factors there. I seemed on the internet for the difficulty and located most people will go along with together together with your website. 80890
Hey very cool blog!! Guy .. Excellent .. Superb .. I will bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally?I’m satisfied to search out so many helpful information right here in the submit, we’d like develop more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .
As I site possessor I believe the content material here is rattling excellent , appreciate it for your efforts. You should keep it up forever! Good Luck.
I will also like to state that most people who find themselves with no health insurance are usually students, self-employed and people who are jobless. More than half of those uninsured are really under the age of Thirty five. They do not come to feel they are wanting health insurance since they are young and healthy. The income is generally spent on homes, food, along with entertainment. Some people that do work either 100 or part-time are not given insurance by their work so they proceed without due to rising cost of health insurance in the country. Thanks for the suggestions you discuss through this website.
hello there and thank you for your information ? I have certainly picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical issues using this website, since I experienced to reload the site a lot of times previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and can damage your high-quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Well I?m adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for much more of your respective exciting content. Make sure you update this again very soon..
897204 573473superb post. Neer knew this, appreciate it for letting me know. 101220
Magnificent website. Plenty of helpful information here. I?m sending it to a few friends ans additionally sharing in delicious. And naturally, thanks in your effort!
Thanks for the good writeup. It in fact was once a leisure account it. Look advanced to far introduced agreeable from you! However, how can we keep up a correspondence?
ForsythSoftware.com provides rapid quick-starts for Salesforce.com CRM. Be it Sales Cloud, Service Cloud or Marketing Cloud, get quality support from our certified professionals. Contact us at email@example.com and ask for a no obligation system evaluation today.
okmark your weblog and check again here frequently. I am quite certain I will learn many new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!
An added important area is that if you are an older person, travel insurance intended for pensioners is something you should really take into account. The more mature you are, the harder at risk you are for allowing something bad happen to you while in most foreign countries. If you are definitely not covered by many comprehensive insurance policy, you could have some serious challenges. Thanks for discussing your guidelines on this website.
I have discovered that sensible real estate agents all around you are Promoting. They are acknowledging that it’s more than simply placing a sign post in the front property. It’s really about building connections with these sellers who someday will become purchasers. So, after you give your time and efforts to supporting these traders go it alone : the “Law associated with Reciprocity” kicks in. Great blog post.
Hello There. I found your blog the use of msn. That is an extremely neatly written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and come back to learn more of your helpful info. Thank you for the post. I will certainly return.
I have fun with, result in I found just what I was taking a look for. You’ve ended my 4 day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye
What I have usually told persons is that when looking for a good online electronics retail outlet, there are a few aspects that you have to take into account. First and foremost, you should really make sure to locate a reputable along with reliable shop that has picked up great reviews and classification from other individuals and business world analysts. This will ensure that you are getting through with a well-known store providing you with good program and assistance to their patrons. Many thanks for sharing your ideas on this website.
This actually answered my problem, thank you!
I have been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this website. Thanks , I?ll try and check back more often. How frequently you update your web site?
I like the helpful information you supply to your articles. I will bookmark your weblog and take a look at again right here regularly. I am quite certain I?ll be informed plenty of new stuff right right here! Good luck for the next!
Thanks for the tips about credit repair on your web-site. Some tips i would advice people is usually to give up this mentality that they buy at this point and pay out later. As a society we tend to do this for many issues. This includes family vacations, furniture, along with items we want. However, you’ll want to separate your own wants from the needs. While you’re working to improve your credit rating score make some trade-offs. For example you possibly can shop online to save money or you can look at second hand retailers instead of pricey department stores for clothing.
I?d must test with you here. Which isn’t one thing I usually do! I enjoy studying a submit that will make people think. Also, thanks for allowing me to remark!
Thank you, I’ve recently been searching for info about this subject for ages and yours is the best I’ve discovered till now. But, what about the conclusion? Are you sure about the source?
I’ve been browsing on-line greater than three hours lately, yet I by no means discovered any fascinating article like yours. It?s beautiful worth sufficient for me. In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers made good content as you probably did, the net can be much more useful than ever before.
Thanks for your article. One other thing is the fact individual states have their particular laws that affect householders, which makes it extremely tough for the the nation’s lawmakers to come up with a new set of rules concerning home foreclosure on homeowners. The problem is that a state has got own legislation which may have impact in an undesirable manner in relation to foreclosure policies.
Thank you for another wonderful article. The place else may anyone get that type of info in such a perfect approach of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such info.
The things i have seen in terms of laptop memory is the fact there are specs such as SDRAM, DDR and so forth, that must fit in with the technical specs of the mother board. If the pc’s motherboard is very current and there are no operating-system issues, changing the storage space literally usually takes under sixty minutes. It’s one of several easiest laptop or computer upgrade procedures one can think about. Thanks for spreading your ideas.
I enjoy, lead to I found exactly what I was having a look for. You have ended my 4 day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye
Thanks alot : ) for your post. I would like to comment that the price of car insurance differs from one insurance plan to another, simply because there are so many different issues which give rise to the overall cost. For instance, the model and make of the automobile will have a tremendous bearing on the price tag. A reliable outdated family car or truck will have an inexpensive premium than just a flashy performance car.
I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I do not know who you are but definitely you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!
whoah this weblog is fantastic i like reading your articles. Stay up the great paintings! You realize, a lot of persons are looking around for this information, you can aid them greatly.
963986 806425Get started with wales ahead nearly every planking. Ones wales truly are a compilation of huge planks 1 particular depth advisors certainly may be the identical towards the entire hull planking even so with even bigger density to successfully thrust outward beyond the planking. planking 826325
Thanks for your submission. I would also like to say this that the very first thing you will need to accomplish is to see if you really need credit score improvement. To do that you must get your hands on a copy of your credit history. That should never be difficult, because government necessitates that you are allowed to receive one totally free copy of the credit report annually. You just have to consult the right individuals. You can either read the website for that Federal Trade Commission or even contact one of the leading credit agencies immediately.
I’m grateful for the information you provide on your blog, it’s been very helpful to me.
Thanks for the new things you have revealed in your article. One thing I’d prefer to touch upon is that FSBO interactions are built after some time. By releasing yourself to the owners the first end of the week their FSBO can be announced, prior to the masses get started calling on Friday, you build a good relationship. By sending them resources, educational materials, free reports, and forms, you become a good ally. By using a personal desire for them and their situation, you produce a solid link that, on many occasions, pays off as soon as the owners opt with a representative they know along with trust — preferably you actually.
Helpful information. Fortunate me I found your web site unintentionally, and I’m shocked why this coincidence did not took place earlier! I bookmarked it.
I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again as exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.
Hello my friend! I wish to say that this article is awesome, nice written and include almost all vital infos. I?d like to see more posts like this.
What I have constantly told persons is that when looking for a good on-line electronics shop, there are a few elements that you have to take into consideration. First and foremost, you should make sure to find a reputable plus reliable retail store that has gotten great testimonials and ratings from other buyers and business world analysts. This will make certain you are handling a well-known store that can offer good service and support to the patrons. Thanks for sharing your notions on this weblog.